“One million is a horrible number,” said Michael Ryan, director of the World Health Organization’s Emergency Management Agency. He estimated that doubling the number of dead is “very likely”.
The outlook looks bleak: the curve is rising again in Europe, the Middle East and Asia, raising concerns about the so-called second wave.
And “people today can not be saved simply by prayers or by the work of making vaccines that will not come until later,” warned the director general of the WTO, Tandos Antanom Gebresesus, on the same day.
Five vaccines, three in the West, two in China, are in the so-called phase three of clinical trials, and one Russian vaccine, Sputnik V, has given encouraging preliminary results.
But such research cannot currently predict the speed of the pandemic.
On March 11, when the WHO declared the coronavirus epidemic a “pandemic,” 30 countries and regions recorded 4,500 deaths, with two-thirds recorded in China, but Italy (800 dead at the time) and Iran (300) saw the numbers. to take off.
In Italy, the first country outside China to restrict the population, the testimonies of exhausted doctors, who explained that in the face of a flood of patients being asked to choose who to provide care to, as in “wars”, came as a shock.
The epidemic spread like wildfire in Spain, which became the second worst hit country in Europe. In Madrid, an ice rink was turned into a morgue.
In Ecuador, decaying corpses were left on the streets in Guayaquil, the country’s second largest city and financial capital. A special force had to be created to collect them.
As France crossed the 3,000-death mark in late March, Patrick Vogt, a doctor in Mulhouse, said in shock that the doctors were “dying”.
In the United Kingdom, the strategy of “collective immunity” or “herd immunity” brought in millions and the government was forced to restrict its population on 23 March.
At the beginning of May, this country surpassed Italy, with more than 30,000 dead.
More than 4.5 billion people in 110 countries and regions were then restricted or advised by the authorities to stay home.
Postponements and cancellations of sporting and cultural events multiplied: from the Tokyo Olympics to the Cannes Film Festival, from Euro 2020 to the Copa America and the six-nation rugby tournament.
The pandemic grounded almost the entire global fleet of commercial aircraft. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) estimated that by 2020 the lost revenue of the sector would reach $ 419 billion.
The impact of the pandemic on the major economies was severe: contraction unprecedented in the second quarter. In the US, the world’s largest economy, it reached 9.5%, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), with more than 20 million jobs destroyed in April.
China, the world’s second-largest economy, instead managed to avoid a recession by bringing the epidemiological situation under control.
Heads of state and government became infected, such as British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who had to stay in an intensive care unit from April 6th to 9th.
Many celebrities were also infected, such as American jazz musician Ellis Marsalis or Cameroonian afro-jazz legend Manou Dibango.
The pandemic decimated families. The 58-year-old Peruvian professor Juan Zeus spoke of a “nightmare” when he lost within a few weeks his father Cecilio, 80, his mother Edith (77), his brothers Ernesto (54) and Willie (42) and his sister Maribel. (53).
It even changed the way one dies. “Priests or family can no longer go to the head of those who die, and this is an abysmal rupture,” said Eva Ilouz, a French-Israeli sociologist.
This “flattens you”, said Permanently Farias. Argentina could only say a few words on the phone to her father before losing him.
Traditions regarding funerals and burials are also overturned. In Iraq, pandemics have been burying dead for months in a special area near Najaf, south of Baghdad.
In the United States, the country that mourns the most deaths in the world (nearly 205,000), the pandemic that Donald Trump was downgrading is at the heart of the November 3 presidential election campaign.
In June, Latin America and the Caribbean became the epicenter of the pandemic.
In Brazil, the country with the second-highest death toll on the planet after the United States (nearly 142,000 dead), the pandemic has sparked ancestral fears of indigenous peoples in the Amazon basin: diseases of European settlers have decimated 95% of Native Americans.
In Asia, the rise has been continuous since April. The continent is currently approaching 1,500 deaths a day, mostly in India (almost 95,000 in total, over 1,100 per 24 hours last week).
Italy, however, seems to be showing that nothing is written: the number of infections has remained below the 2,000 barrier in recent weeks. The Italians “reacted vigorously and reversed the trend,” the WTO said with satisfaction on Friday via Twitter.
In total, 1,000,009 deaths have been officially recorded worldwide worldwide, out of a total of 33,018,877 cases of infection.
22,640,048 people on the other hand are considered to have recovered from the authorities.
The regions of the world that record the heaviest reports are Latin America and the Caribbean (341,032 deaths out of a total of 9,190,683 infections), Europe (229,945 deaths, 5,273,943 cases) and the USA and Canada (214,031; 7.25; 7.25). 663).