Having occupied Crimea, Russia does not have enough capacity to solve the problem of fresh water. The existence of agriculture on the peninsula will be threatened, said Russian hydrogeologist Yuri Medovar.
Russia does not have efficient installations for desalination of seawater immediately to the condition of drinking. About it September 27 in an interview To the “Observer” said the Russian hydrogeologist Yuri Medovar.
“There is such a thing in Israel. They desalinate the water of the Mediterranean Sea to the drinking condition – to the level of 0.6–0.7 grams of salt per cubic decimeter, you can drink it. We do not have such desalination plants. When until 2014 Crimea was supplied with water from the Dnieper, this water covered about 80% of all needs, 20% were the waters of the Crimean peninsula. 80% of the water provided by the North Crimean canal was 1.5 cubic kilometers. This is a very large volume. It is impossible to compensate for this amount by desalination plants. In addition, all these systems desalination is very energy intensive, “the specialist noted.
According to him, the main consumers of water are industry and agriculture. Drinking supplies account for 15%. If the two main consumers of water are deprived, the problem with water supply of the population will be solved in Crimea and 5% will remain for the needs of the military.
“But there will be no agriculture. The soil will again transform into salt marshes – as it was before the construction of the North Crimean Canal,” said the hydrogeologist.
In his opinion, well drilling will not solve the problem either.
“Let’s drill wells, but this way you will remove the entire upper layer of the active water exchange zone – where there is fresh water that can be used for water supply. This layer takes about 100 meters. There is fresh water. Below them is brackish water. If we bury it there are many wells, we will increase the total water production of wells, but the flow rate of each well will decrease. And we will pull up brackish waters from below and, accordingly, pollute this horizon, “Medovar explained.
In the annexed Crimea the issue of water scarcity is acute… The invaders even wanted to attract aviation to artificially increase precipitation on the peninsula.
Before the Russian annexation of Crimea, Ukraine provided 85% of the peninsula’s fresh water needs through the North Crimean Canal. After the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in the spring of 2014, Kiev stopped the water supply to the peninsula… According to media reports, no alternative to the supply of Dnieper water has yet been found in Crimea, except for large-scale pumping of groundwater.
In June 2019, the ex-Permanent Representative of the President of Ukraine to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea Boris Babin said that invaders offered bribes for the restoration of water supply to the annexed peninsula.
In September, the head of the North Crimean Canal, Sergei Shevchenko, said that supplying water from mainland Ukraine to Crimea technically impossible.
September 22 in Simferopol and 39 settlements of Simferopol and Bakhchisarai regions severely limited the water supply – it is served every hour in the morning and in the evening. The occupation authorities of Crimea said are considering the possibility of using seawater desalination plants.